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The mitral valve is essentially the gateway between the left atrium and left ventricle chambers of the heart. It is a two part flap that opens and closes allowing blood to flow to the left ventricle. In some cases, problems with the mitral valve including conditions like mitral valve stenosis, mitral regurgitation, infective endocartis and mitral valve prolapse can lead to the need to various types of treatment techniques for this part of the heart. Many times, surgery for mitral valve repair is indicated.
Mitral regurgitation is a condition
Pulmonary emphysema is a progressive condition that is part of the disease known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD. It primarily affects the alveoli in the lungs. These are tiny air sacs that are necessary for proper breathing. In cases of pulmonary emphysema, these sacs are damaged in various ways whether enlarged, narrowed, stretched or otherwise permanently destructed. Smoking is the single biggest and most common cause of emphysema, although there are cases of non smokers developing the condition. Most of these
What is COPD? Well, COPD stands for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and it is characterized by a gradually worsening ability to breathe. The disease is progressive and currently there is no cure for it, which means that over time, symptoms become worse and worse, as does the difficulty level of breathing. Understanding what is COPD and how it affects breathing starts with understanding on a physiological level what the disease entails. Airways that make breathing possible are connected in the lungs to tubes called bronchioles, which are much smaller and thinner
Walking pneumonia may sound like something out of a zombie horror movie, but it is actually quite common. It is also called mycoplasma pneumonia, and this name refers to the bacterium that causes it. Just like the serious form of pneumonia, walking pneumonia is caused by bacteria that make their way into the lungs. However, mycoplasma pneumonia is caused by a specific type of bacteria, known as mycoplasma. While the condition sounds nearly identical to the serious form of the condition, walking pneumonia symptoms are what makes the ailment unique
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that most often affects the lungs and can be fatal. It is commonly caused by the bacterium known as mycobacterium tuberculosis. In many cases, the infection may cause no symptoms. However, in about ten percent of cases, an active infection with characteristic tuberculosis symptoms can develop, and these can be deadly in almost half of cases when left untreated. These tuberculosis facts are further amplified by the fact that the illness is contagious and passed from person to person through the air
The left ventricle of the heart is considered the main pumping chamber, and the blood that comes into this chamber gets there by passing through a part of the organ that is called the mitral valve. Sometimes, this valve becomes narrowed (which is also referred to as ‘stenotic’). This condition is referred to as mitral valve stenosis, and it is often caused by rheumatic fever or strep related infections.
In addition to the narrowing of the mitral valve, heart valve leakage can
A pulmonary embolism refers to a condition in which a substance blocks either the main artery of the lung, or one of its branches. It is considered in many cases to be a medical emergency. Just how serious the condition may be is very evident based on the symptoms that are presenting.
The most common of all pulmonary embolism causes is a DVT, a deep vein thrombosis. This means that a blood clot that exists in the lower parts of the leg or the pelvis in the deeper veins breaks off and travels upwards